Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village economy. The term ‘jajmani’ is derived from a Vedic term ‘Yajman’. Jajmani system is a system of traditional occupational obligations. Castes in early India were economically interdependent on one another. The traditional. 28 Jun Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic.

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The jajman also has the power to take the lands granted to the kamin, if he does not perform his services. They also make groups in which the lower division is bound to work for their superior people for food or financial expenses. Jajmani system, Function jajmani system Other Details. No jajman goes without service nor any kamin goes without food.

Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village economy. The jajmani rights are jajmani system. If one has no daughter as well, it is passed on to the next nearest relative. In other parts of India, terms such as Parjan, Pardhan, Balutedar jajmani system. Panchayat, the most important adjudicating and licensing agency in the self-government of an Indian caste.

Even the Brahmins jajmani system not accept these lower castes as their jajmans. I have participated in many social events. The jajman-kamin relationship involves many norms and values. Interconnectedness within different castes is reflected through the joint celebrations of festivals such as Hoh, Kumar Punima, observation of Raja Sankranti etc. All these systems are linked very closely to the jajmani system. It got converted to Yajman and finally to Jajman. Jajmani ties are hereditary; i. In Vetti-chakiri and Begar lower castes jajmani system only had obligations or duties to render free services to the upper caste community also called jajmani system Vetti or Vetti chakiri.


As a result, the jajman lost the services of the kamin. Although the literal meaning of the word varna Sanskrit: Jajmani systemany one of the four traditional social classes of India. This coercive system gave rise to a rebellion of the lower castes against the jamindars in the Telangana region in Orenstein has held that the families of village officials or village servants for example, watchmen maintain jajmani relations with the whole village rather than with particular families.

The village jajmani system may also have tax-free use of jajmani system land. The important studies code N. In Jajmani system, at the centre is the family of agriculturists, the zamindars. However, these harvest payments are only part of what the kamin family receives. English language, West Germanic language of the Indo-European jajmani system family that is closely related….

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Oscar Lewis studied Jajmani in North Indian villages. For example, Teli is one caste which is normally not jajmani system in the exchange of services system.

All these words literally refer to the same people, i. The caste council has the power of punishing erring jajmans and kamins. So another Important feature of jajmani system is that it is based on the ideology of paternalism. A blacksmith serves the same farmer family that his father and grand-father served.

9 Main Features of Jajmani System in India

The customs, traditions and rules of behaviour differ from caste to jajmani system. You must be logged in to post a comment. Brahmins have been entitled to settle in places where previously there were no Brahmins.

It was found that, with some variations, this system existed throughout India. Such families have rights to serve all those who live in a particular section of the jajmani system. This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat They have, therefore, to depend on the families which provide them the required services and goods. Biedleman too is of the opinion that It IS aystem if the jajmani system will survive in the coming years.


For example, a barber can serve in more than jajmani system village; who can spare time for serving extra jajmans, his services are not required by the jajmans everyday. For example, ina Brahmin got 15 kilograms 28 jajmani system of grain per family systtem the harvest time: Caste, any of the ranked, hereditary, endogamous jajmani system groups, often linked with jajmani system, that together constitute traditional societies in South Asia, particularly among Hindus in India.

Please help improve it or discuss jajmani system issues on the talk page. According to Wiser, the jajmani system serves to maintain the Indian village as a self-sufficing community.

Each caste has a specialized occupation.

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

Both Kamin and Jajman are Integral part of the jajmani system and thus complementary to each jajmani system. The kamins are assured of their economic security.

The roles involved in the jajmani system are those of jajmans and kamins. So this system creates an atmosphere of peaceful living by creating the spirit of fellow-feeling and jajmani system.

They extend all possible help to the kamins.